Improper glasses or contact lenses can lead to serious eye diseases in children.
A child grows, his body develops, and his vision changes all the time. That is why it is extremely important to have your child examined by an ophthalmologist every year, so you don’t miss the moment when his vision starts to go down.
If your son or daughter’s vision suddenly becomes worse, this situation requires timely correction with glasses or contact lenses.
Reasons to get the right glasses or lenses
When it comes to getting the right prescription for glasses or lenses, the stakes are incredibly high. “After all, the wrong prescription or the wrong frames can actually lead to vision impairment,” comments Sergey Anatolievich Prozhoga, chief physician of the Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic in Kyiv.
“A child’s world completely changes when he or she puts on glasses or lenses,” emphasizes Sergey Anatolievich. “The brain and eyes start working in tandem to make the eye muscles focus properly on the object.”Therefore, when prescribing glasses or lenses, it is vital to consider all the nuances of the eye in order to correct your vision properly. In fact, it is the pediatric ophthalmologist who is responsible for the accuracy of the prescription.
Although much depends on the parents as well, namely the choice of an experienced and qualified specialist and an ophthalmology clinic. So be ready to pick the doctor who you can trust with the most precious thing you have – your child’s eyesight.
Peculiarities of choosing glasses and lenses at a child’s age
Selecting glasses and lenses for a child begins with a comprehensive eye exam. Of course, there are certain peculiarities:
- Due to the physiological characteristics of the child’s vision, eye exams are always done with the pupil dilated (with dilating drops put in). The doctor may then examine the child’s eye ground and measure the optic power of the eye.
- Young children often find it difficult to assess their sensations and accurately answer the ophthalmologist’s questions. Therefore, it is crucial for a pediatric specialist to be able to build a psychological relationship with the child and find an approach to the infant.
- You need modern diagnostic equipment that enables all the necessary tests to be done quickly, without contact or pain. Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic employs the latest diagnostic equipment, which allows checking the eyesight of a child of any age.
- Just when the diagnostic examination is completed, the ophthalmologist shall advise and, if necessary, prescribe glasses or contact lenses. It is worth noting that the glasses or contact lenses are fitted with a narrow pupil. Therefore, as a rule, you need another visit to get the correct choice of glasses for your child, as it cannot be done on a wide pupil.
How glasses and lenses are fitted at Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic
To choose glasses or lenses, an ophthalmologist must:
- Check your vision. He examines how the eye responds to close and distant objects without vision correction. Then he compares an old prescription for glasses (if any) with the current situation.
- Determine the child’s leading eye with and without glasses or lenses.
- Check the oculomotor system. This is a measurement that shows the convergence of the visual axes in relation to the center.
- Measure the distance between the centers of the pupils. A device called a pupillometer is used for this purpose. This measurement allows the glasses lenses to be centered correctly (this measurement is not required for contact lenses).
- Select glasses with trial frame.
- Test glasses for tolerance. The patient is asked to walk around in the test glasses and describe how he or she feels. If there is discomfort, the power of the lenses is reduced.
Consequences of improperly fitted glasses and lenses for children
Timely and accurate eye examinations can prevent serious eye conditions, such as amblyopia. At a young age, the chances of correcting congenital defects and even regaining good vision are much higher than at an older age.
If glasses or lenses are not fitted correctly, the child may experience the following problems:
- Visual discomfort.This condition is expressed by dry eyes, headache, and dizziness.
- Lens floating.The most common problem that occurs with improperly fitted lenses. In this case, the lens will move across the eye surface when you blink or move the eyeball. This is an unacceptable situation. Such a miscalculation can lead to injury or even inflammation of the cornea.
- Mismatch of optical powers. Each of us must have noticed situations where a person removes his or her glasses and looks over them. This situation occurs when the optical power of contact lenses or glasses does not match the needs of the eye. Gradually, this deviation leads to visual impairment and even more serious consequences such as strabismus, amblyopia, and true myopia (if pseudomyopia was diagnosed by mistake before correction).
Get your eyesight checked by specialists you trust
Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic has been running a specialized children’s center Eximer Kids for over 20 years. We have extensive experience in diagnosing low vision problems in children and ensuring high-quality glasses and lenses are fitted. If your child has myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism, pediatric ophthalmologists at Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic will help you choose the right glasses or lenses for your child.