Retinal diseases are considered the deadliest among visual pathologies. If they are not treated in time, they can lead to complete blindness. One serious disorder that requires immediate medical consultation is retinal hemorrhage.
Retinal hemorrhage is caused by a deterioration of the blood vessels. It often occurs with retinal thrombosis (when blood vessels become occluded) and tear, causing blood to enter the retinal tissue.
Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic is well equipped to accurately diagnose, effectively treat and prevent various retinal pathologies. Therefore, if you have any visual discomfort, please contact the professionals.
Causes of retinal hemorrhage
The retina has a very complex structure. You can see under a microscope that it consists of 10 layers, each with a different function in the visual process. This unique and delicate part of the eye is easily affected by various diseases.
Causes of retinal hemorrhage may include:
- Hypertension (high blood pressure);
- Diabetic retinopathy (with complicated diabetes mellitus);
- Retinal vein occlusion or thrombosis, atherosclerosis;
- Inflammatory eye diseases;
- High myopia.
Mechanical factors can also be the cause of retinal hemorrhage: in newborns — shaking, in adult patients — a strong cough, blows to the head or face, etc. In addition, retinal hemorrhages happen in women during childbirth, which is why it is crucial to see an ophthalmologist during pregnancy to maintain good vision.
Signs and symptoms of retinal hemorrhage
When vascular rupture occurs and blood enters the retina, it can often be outwardly unnoticeable to the person, but the condition itself is quite dangerous. It really depends on the location of the vessel rupture.
If the hemorrhage occurs somewhere on the retinal periphery and does not affect the central part of the retina (the macula), then this condition can have almost no effect on the quality of vision and is only detected during a comprehensive eye exam with eye ground study.
If the hemorrhage originates in the center of the macula, then this condition can be very dangerous and lead to complete loss of vision.
Signs of retinal hemorrhage:
- A growing cloudy spot appears in front of the eyes;
- Vision begins to drop sharply;
- Flashes in front of the eyes;
- Feeling of pressure in the eyes;
- Double vision.
Any visual discomfort requires examination and consultation with an ophthalmologist and retinologist. All of these services are available at Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic.
Since all visual receptors are concentrated in the retina, even the smallest hemorrhage can be harmful and lead to retinal detachment, or even the risk of blindness.
Diagnosis of retinal hemorrhage
At Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic, retinal diseases are diagnosed using the most modern equipment, enabling the condition to be detected long before it manifests itself, namely:
— Laser optical-scanning tomography (OST) examines the retinal structure in its entire depth.
— Fluorescent angiography is used for precise and effective diagnosis of the retinal, optic nerve, and choroidal diseases.
Furthermore, to identify the cause of retinal hemorrhage, the ophthalmologist prescribes a general blood test, a sugar test, and an ECG.
Treatment methods for retinal hemorrhage
The treatment strategy for retinal disorders depends on the blood vessel affection and the pathology localization.
— Laser treatment is the most effective and attenuated method of treating retinal disease. It is based on the thermal effect of the laser beam on the retinal tissue. Laser photocoagulation is performed with drop anesthesia. This procedure is absolutely safe and painless. Laser treatment is used for minor vascular lesions.
— Intravitreal injection. This is a surgical procedure where medication is injected into the retinal tissue to restore normal blood flow.
— Vitrectomy is performed when there is a large hemorrhage. The surgery removes blood clots and the clouding of the vitreous body.
The earlier retinal diseases are treated, the better the chances of restoring vision, or at least maintaining it at the current level.
For quality diagnosis and treatment of retinal diseases, contact Eximer Ophthalmology Clinic. We will preserve your vision even in the most complicated cases.
To learn more about what our center can offer you to solve your vision problems, schedule an appointment for a comprehensive eye exam.